MIT Department of Linguistics and Philosophy
I am a postdoctoral associate in the Department of Linguistics and Philosophy at MIT. Prior to this appointment, I was a postdoc in the Cognitive Science Department of Macquarie University, Sydney. My research is in language acquisition and language processing primarily. How are the computations we hypothesize reflected in processing and how can we best measure these reflexes? At the same time I am interested in the question how these computations develop in the language-acquiring child. I use both on-line (mainly eye-tracking) and off-line experimental methods to explore these questions. My dissertation (April 2013, Utrecht University Linguistics) investigates processing of unaccusative vs. unergative verbs in adults and young children as well as the semantics, processing and acquisition of (evidential) raising constructions. For more information about my research and research papers, you may click on the Research Tab.
© 2016 Loes Koring, last modified: February 2017.
Syntax; semantics; language acquisition; language processing; eye-tracking (visual world paradigm)
|2016 - present||MIT|
|Postdoctoral Associate, Department of Linguistics & Philosophy|
|2014 – 2016||Macquarie University|
|Postdoctoral fellow, Department of Cognitive Science|
|2013 – 2014||Utrecht University|
|Postdoctoral fellow, Department of Language, Literature, and Communication
Project: The syntax of idioms
(PIs: Norbert Corver, Jeroen van Craenenbroeck)
|2012 – 2014||Utrecht University|
|Lecturer in Linguistics, Department of Language, Literature, and Communication
|2013||Ph.D. in Linguistics, April 2013 (cum laude)|
Dissertation: Seemingly similar: Subjects and displacement in grammar, processing, and acquisition.
|2007||M.A. in Linguistics (cum laude)|
|Thesis: The acquisition of raising verbs
|2005||B.A. in Linguistics (cum laude)|
|Thesis: Binding in Telugu and Hmar|
|Macquarie University Strategic Infrastructure Scheme Grant|
|Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO)|
|Scuola Normale Superiore and University of Pisa|
|Accepted||Koring, Loes and Eric Reuland. What structural priming can and cannot reveal. Accepted for Bahavioral and Brain Sciences.|
|In Press||Crain, Stephen, Loes Koring, and Rosalind Thornton. Language Acquisition from a Biolinguistic Perspective. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews.|
|2015||Koring, Loes, and De Mulder, Hannah. Understanding different sources of information: the acquisition of evidentiality. Journal of Child Language 42 (5), 947 – 968.|
|2012||Koring, Loes. Don’t shoot the messenger: How subjectivity affects distributional properties. Lingua 122 (8), 874 – 890|
|2012||Koring, Loes, Pim Mak, and Eric Reuland. The time course of argument reactivation revealed: Using the visual world paradigm. Cognition 123 (3), 361-379.|
|Submitted||Giblin, Iain, Loes Koring, Stephen Crain. The ties that bind: The need for syntax in binding theory. Submitted to Language.|
|Resubmitted||Koring, Loes and Hans van de Koot. The visual trace of unaccusativity in online processing. Linguistic Inquiry|
|Resubmitted||Koring, Loes, Pim Mak, Iris Mulders, and Eric Reuland Processing intransitive verbs: How do children differ from adults? Language Learning and Development.|
|2014||Koring, Loes, Pim Mak, and Eric Reuland. Children’s Representation of Unaccusatives. In: W. Orman and M.J. Valleau (eds.). Proceedings of 38th Boston University Conference on Language Development 38 (BUCLD): 240 – 252.|
|2009||Koring, Loes and Ken Wexler. Children’s Late Acquisition of Dutch Raising-Verbs. In: Y. Otsu (Ed.). The Proceedings of the Tenth Tokyo Conference of Psycholinguistics. Hituzi Syobo Publishing, Tokyo: 143-166.|
|2015||Reuland, Eric, Loes Koring and Pim Mak. Issues in interpretation: From structure to process. In Е. И. Риехакайнен & Н. А. Слепокурова (Eds.), К 150-ЛЕТИЮ КАФЕДРЫ ОБЩЕГО ЯЗЫКОЗНАНИЯ САНКТ-ПЕТЕРБУРГСКОГО ГОСУДАРСТВЕННОГО УНИВЕРСИТЕТА - Cборник статей (pp. 224-237). St Petersburg: Филологический факультет СПбГУ.|
|2009||Koring, Loes. Binding in Down's Syndrome. In: Coopmans P., Everaert M., Marelj M. (red.) Promoting Systems Interface.. Utrecht: Utrecht Institute of Linguistics OTS.|
|In prep||Koring, Loes, Nina Sangers, and Ken Wexler. New evidence for the adjectival nature of children’s early passives. In preparation for submission to Linguistic Inquiry.|
|In prep.||Koring, Loes. Producing figurative meanings: the case of idioms. In preparation for a volume entitled “Figurative Expressions: Production Processes and Theory” as part of the book series Figurative Thought and Language.|
|2006||Koring, Loes. Floating Quantifiers. Ms., UiL-OTS.|
|2017||Looking for structure in strings. Presented at the Acquisition Lab Meeting, University of Connecticut, Storrs.|
|2016||Processing reflexes of underlying structure.
Presented at the Language and Cognition Seminar, Harvard, Cambridge.
|2016||Workshop on the Visual World Paradigm.
Presented at the Phonetics Meeting, Department of Linguistics, Macquarie University.
|2014||A visual signature of computation.
Presented at Ling-Lunch, MIT, Boston, USA.
|2014||The semantics and acquisition of non-embedding reportatives.
Presented at the Syntax-Semantics Reading Group (LFRG), MIT, Boston, USA.
|2014||Evidentials and their embeddability. Presented at the workshop on ‘What
Happened to Principles and Parameters?’, Arezzo, Italy
|2013||Argument reactivation within eye-shot: Measuring on-line processing of
intransitive verbs with the eye-tracker. Presented at the Seminar Series, UCL,
|2012||The On-line Processing of Unaccusative and Unergative Verbs: Evidence from
the Visual World Paradigm.
Presented at UCLA Psycholinguistics seminar
(‘Psychobabble’), Los Angeles, CA.
|2012||Acquiring verbs with an evidential semantics.
Presented at the acquisition of semantics seminar. UCLA, CA.
|2012||How to measure on-line sentence processing in children: dos and don’ts.
Presented at the Language Acquisition Group meeting (LAG) Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
|2011||The language-cognition interface: Insights from raising-verbs.
Presented at Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, Acquisition Lab, The Netherlands.
|2011||How subjectivity affects the distributional properties of raising-verbs.
Talk presented at the Optimal Communication Colloquium (OCC) Radboud Universit Nijmegen, The Netherlands
|||A good enough representation is not good enough. To be presented at the Experimental Psycholinguistics Conference (EPC), Menorca.|
|2016||How many ways are there to process a sentence?
Presented at the workshop'Developmental perspectives on language processing', Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia.
|2015||Who is the agent when it is left implicit? Paper presented at the 12th Generative Approaches to Language Acquisition (GALA 12), Nantes, France (with Nina Sangers and Ken Wexler).|
|2015||Interfering causes in acquisition. Paper presented at the 12th Generative Approaches to Language Acquisition (GALA 12), Nantes, France (with Pim Mak, Iris Mulders, and Eric Reuland).|
|2015||Children’s different way of forming a passive. Paper presented at the 48th meeting of the Societas Linguistica Europaea (SLE), Leiden, The Netherlands (with Nina Sangers and Ken Wexler).|
|2015||Definiteness as a trigger of idiomaticity. Paper presented at the 13th International Cognitive Linguistics Conference (ICLC), Newcastle, UK.|
|2014||Verb type determines when the subject is reactivated: Evidence from eye movements. Paper presented at the ARC Centre of Excellence in Cognition and its Disorders Annual Workshop, Macquarie University, Sydney.|
|2013||What pirate stories reveal about children’s representation of uanccusatives. To be presented at BUCLD 38, Boston, MA (with Eric Reuland and Pim Mak
|2013||Children’s on-line processing of unaccusative verbs. Presented at the Child Language Seminar, Manchester, UK (with Eric Reuland and Pim Mak).|
|2013||How children process intransitive verbs. Presented at the 11th International Symposium for Psycholinguistics, Tenerife, Spain (with Eric Reuland and Pim Mak).|
|2013||Processing evidential raising verbs. Presented at Linguistics in the Netherlands, Utrecht, The Netherlands.|
|2012||Evidentials as PPIs. Presented at The Nature of Evidentiality, Leiden, The Netherlands.|
|2011||Studying Raising from a Broader Perspective: the language-cognition interface, Presented at Generative Approaches to Language Acquisition (GALA) 2011, Thessaloniki, Greece (with Hannah De Mulder)..|
|2011||The relation between linguistic and conceptual development: acquiring evidentiality. Poster presented at BUCLD Conference, Boston, USA (with Hannah De Mulder).|
|2010||Verb type determines when the subject is reactivated: Evidence from eye movements. Poster presented at CUNY Conference on human sentence processing, New York, USA (with Pim Mak).|
|2010||The Acquisition of Evidential Markers in Dutch. Presented at Language Culture and Mind (LCM) IV, Turku, Finland (with Hannah De Mulder).|
|2010||Koring, L., De Mulder, H. The Acquisition of Evidential Markers in Dutch.
Presented at Language Culture and Mind (LCM) IV, Turku, Finland.
|2010||Subject reactivation depends on the syntactic position of the argument: evidence from eye movements. Presented at the Workshop on Verbs, Pisa, Italy. (with Pim Mak)|
|2010||Where language meets thought: developing a way to express source of information. Presented at the workshop On Linguistic Interfaces II, Belfast, UK (with Hannah De Mulder).|
|2009||Acquiring the Syntax and Semantic of Dutch Raising-Verbs. Presented at the Tokyo Conference for Psycholinguistics (TCP) X, Tokyo, Japan.|
|2009||Acquiring the Syntax and Semantics of Dutch Raising-Verbs. Presented at the workshop Mind-Context Divide Workshop, Iowa City, USA.|
|2009||Verb type determines when people move their eyes. Poster presented at GALA (Generative Approaches to Language Acquisition), Lisbon, Portugal (with Pim Mak).|
|2008||When do children acquire Dutch raising-verbs? Poster presented at GALANA (generative approaches to language acquisition north America), University of Connecticut, USA.|
|2008||Raising-Verbs in Dutch: Structure and Acquisition. Presented at TiN-dag, Utrecht, The Netherlands.|
|Courses as Instructor|
|[Spring 2017]||More Advanced Syntax (24.955) (with Sabine Iatridou), MIT.|
|[Spring 2017]||Language Acquisition (24.904), MIT.|
|Fall 2016||Language Acquisition (24.949), MIT.|
|September 2015||Seminar on Universal Grammar (with Stephen Crain and Rosalind Thornton), Macquarie University.|
|February 2015||Seminar on Eye-Tracking (with Martin Hackl and Leo Rosenstein), 1-week hands-on mini course for graduate students, MIT.|
|Spring 2015||Lectures on the Foundations of Syntax (with Michael Iverson), Series of lectures for graduate students, Macquarie University.|
|Fall 2013||De Toren van Babel, Introduction to linguistics (BA), Utrecht University (with Joost Zwarts and Jacomine Nortier).|
|Fall 2013||Taal, mens en maatschappij, Introduction to linguistics (BA), Utrecht University.
|Spring 2013||Perspectieven op de Taalwetenschap, Perspectives on linguistics (advanced BA course in linguistics) (with Martin Everaert), Utrecht University.|
|Spring 2013||Inleiding ATW, Introduction to Linguistics (BA) (with Marijana
Marelj and Sander van der Harst), Utrecht University.
|Fall 2012||Perspectieven op de Taalwetenschap, Perspectives on linguistics (advanced BA course in linguistics) (with Martin Everaert), Utrecht University.|
|Fall 2012||Inleiding ATW, Introduction to Linguistics (BA) (with Marijana Marelj and Sander van der Harst), Utrecht University.|
|Fall 2012||Basiscursus Taalkundig Onderzoek, BA course on experimental methods in linguistic research (with Shalom Zuckerman), Utrecht University.|
|Courses as TA:|
|Fall 2008||Foundations of Linguistics, primary instructors: Iris Mulders, Eric Reuland and Eddy Ruys, Utrecht University.|
|Fall 2007||Inleiding ATW, primary instructor Frank Wijnen, Utrecht University.|
|Spring 2007||Inleiding Taalontwikkeling, Introduction to language acquisition, primary instructor Jacqueline van Kampen, Utrecht University.|
|2005-7||Inleiding ATW, primary instructors Frank Wijnen, Hans Van de Velde and Hugo Quené, Utrecht University. (3x)|
|2014||Nina Sangers, BA-thesis-supervisor: de eerste taalverwerving van
het Nederlandse passief (Acquisition of the Dutch passive).
|2013||Babet Jacobs, BA-thesis-supervisor: Het lidwoord en het adjectief bij tweede taalleerders. (The article and the adjective in second language learners)|
|2011||Ilse Meerkerk, internship co-supervisor (with Pim Mak). Eyetracking experiment on Spanish Verbs.|
|2011||Rianne Oostwoud Wijdenes, MA-thesis co-supervisor (with Pim Mak). Processing Passive Verbs.|
|2010||Annemarie Lucassen, internship co-supervisor (with Pim Mak). Processing Intransitive Verbs in Spanish.|
|Occasional reviewer for:|
|Linguistic Inquiry, Journal of Experimental Psychology, Lingua, Language Learning and Development, BUCLD.|
|2015||CLaS-CCD Eye tracking workshop: Language, vision, perception and their interface, Organizing Committee.|
|2010 – 2012||AiO (assistant in training) Representative, Utrecht University, Human
|2008 – 2010||UiL-OTS Psycholinguistics Newsletter Correspondent.|
|2008||EMLAR V (Experimental Methods of Language Acquisition Research), Organizing Committee.|
|2007 – 2008||UiL-OTS Kermit-Lectures co-organizer (lectures on formal syntax),
Fluent: Dutch (native), English
Basic: Spanish, German, French, Python, R
The question my work addresses is which derivations are available to the language-acquiring child. What is the nature of children's sentence representations and how are they processed online? I explore this by using both off-line and on-line experimental methods, carried out in MIT's Language Acquisition Lab. If you are interested in what we do and would like to help science together with your child, you can find out more about participating here. Some current projects (with various collaborators) include children's meaning representations of sentences with unaccusative and passive verbs. Previous work studied children's acquisition of Dutch raising-verbs (and their evidential semantics), and children's processing of unaccusative verbs. Here are some references and downloadable papers on acquisition.
Review article comparing a biolinguistic and a usage-based perspective:
Evaluating a usage-based account of binding:
The acquisition of passives (with Nina Sangers and Ken Wexler):
The acquisition of unaccusativity:
The acquisition of raising-verbs:
The main focus of my work is on how the linguistic computations we hypothesize are reflected in processing and how this can best be measured. I showed that the Visual World Paradigm can be used to detect reactivation effects of arguments of verbs during procsesing, with a different timing of reactivation for arguments depending on their position in the structure. We now showed this in both English and Dutch, and in adults as well as children (for more detailed information, see the papers below). This is a valuable tool that I hope to use to tease apart competing theories about the underlying structure of particular linguistic expressions. The great advantage is that it is non-invasive and can be used with populations that cannot provide overt acceptability judgments. The collaborators on these projects include Pim Mak, Eric Reuland, Iris Mulders, and Hans van de Koot.
The relation between grammar and the parser:
Processing unaccusative verbs:
Dutch raising-verbs, their evidential semantics, and acquisition
These papers discuss the Dutch raising-verbs schijnen and lijken ('seem'). Even though they appear very similar, a closer look at these verbs reveals their differences in the source of information they encode as well as their distributional properties. Interestingly, these differences correspond to a difference in the timeline of acquisition.
The syntax of idioms
For a little less than a year, I was part of a project on the syntax of idioms. As part of that project, I investigated the question what linguistic tools can trigger idiomatic meanings. In particular, I looked at the pragmatically unlicensed use of the definite determiner as a way to trigger idiomaticity.
My PhD thesis (Utrecht University, April 2013) combines the various angles of research discussed above. I looked at several structures that involve displacement: sentences with unaccusative verbs and subject-to-subject raising and studied those structures from a theoretical, processing, and acquisition perspective.
© 2016 Loes Koring, last modified: February 2017.